Gastric Band Surgery is a surgery where an adjustable band is used to reduce the stomach’s size so that a smaller amount of food is needed to make you feel full. A band is attached, effectively dividing the stomach in two, creating a ‘pouch’ at the top. This band is connected to an access point called a port, and sterile salt water (Saline) is passed through the port to adjust the band as required, after surgery.
Gastric Bypass Surgery is where your digestive system is re-routed past most of your stomach meaning you digest less food and feel fuller, quicker. Gastric bypass uses special surgical staplers to create a small pouch at the top of your stomach. This pouch is then connected directly to a section of your small intestine, bypassing the rest of the stomach and small bowel.
Gastric Sleeve Surgery is when around 60 – 80% of the stomach is removed along the greater curvature, meaning that you do not feel hunger sensations and can have easier control of the amount of food you desire to eat.
Other treatment options might include:
Liposuction, also known as liposculpture or suction assisted lipectomy, is a type of cosmetic procedure to remove unwanted body fat from areas of the body such as the tummy, buttocks, hips and thighs which is commonly used to improve appearance rather than to treat health conditions. This procedure permanently removes fat cells but may not last if you put on weight again.
A tummy tuck, also known as an abdominoplasty is a cosmetic procedure used to make the abdomen smaller and firmer. It requires the removal of excess skin and fat from the middle and lower abdomen. This is commonly sought by patients after pregnancy or heavy weight loss which has left them with sagging tissue.
Weight loss surgery can achieve impressive results in terms of the amount of weight lost, but it shouldn’t be seen as a magic cure for obesity.
People who are considering or who have had weight loss surgery need to stick to a rigorous and normally lifelong plan afterwards to avoid putting weight back on and avoid long-term complications.