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Oral Surgery

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October 26, 2018

Oral Surgery |, , , , , ,

Sure, no one relishes the idea of getting oral surgery. However, there are many reasons that may warrant a surgical dental intervention. This can include teeth with infection, severe decay, bone loss, tooth loss, and gum problems.

Oral Surgery – Teeth Extractions

Teeth extractions can be required if a tooth suffers severe trauma, is damaged, cracked, split or present other symptoms causing pain. Most dentists can perform simple tooth extractions using only local anesthesia.

Oral Surgery – Wisdom Teeth Extractions

Wisdom teeth, also known as third molars, are the last teeth to develop. These can be very difficult and complex teeth extractions especially as wisdom teeth often grow at odd angles and are in close proximity to the main nerve that runs through the lower jaw. These teeth can grow inwards towards the tongue, outwards towards the cheek or lie flat at a ninety-degree angle.

For complex wisdom teeth extractions, it is important that a specialist maxillofacial surgeon does this procedure. A maxillofacial surgeon has special training and is more capable of performing a successful treatment, avoiding crucial nerves.

Interestingly, some people never develop wisdom teeth while others only have one, two or three instead of all four.

wisdom teeth extractions

Oral Surgery – Dental Implants

To replace a missing tooth, a dental implant acts as a new root to which a new tooth is later placed. The dental implant is ‘implanted’ into the jaw bone where it stays for at least three months before the final phase is complete with a connector called an abutment and a final crown. Dental implants are the best way to replace missing teeth. Read more about dental implants by clicking here.

oral surgery

Oral Surgery – Sinus Lift 

You may require a sinus lift if teeth have been missing in the upper jaw for a considerable time or if you have severe periodontal (gum) disease. Tooth loss also causes bone loss because there is no support for tissue or bone if the teeth are missing. Over time, the bone reabsorbs and disappears. This is called bone atrophy.

In order to place dental implants and recover this area, a sinus lift with bone graft is normally needed.

The sinus lift process is a delicate oral surgery which involves separating the membrane from the floor of the maxillary sinus. This lifting of the sinus allows the insertion of a bone graft to make the bone thick enough and capable of supporting a dental implant.

In some circumstances and if conditions are ideal, a sinus lift, bone graft, and dental implant can be placed on one appointment. This is beneficial because the whole area heals at the same time without the need for a second surgery to place the implant later. This also means you only take one set of medication without repeating the same prescription at a later date.

oral surgery

Reconstructive Dental Surgery

Sports and other injuries can result in knocked-out teeth and facial injuries which make even the most basic routines a challenge, e.g eating. A reconstructive dental surgery has the purpose of replacing missing teeth, damaged teeth, treating jawbone, gum damage and correcting joint issues.

Invasive oral surgery is performed under general anesthesia so that the patient does not experience discomfort. A light sedation is also a good option for some treatments.

As with any oral surgery, there is always a recovery period with some swelling and sensitivity which is considered totally normal and expected. Recovery-related pain will be treated with prescription drugs to alleviate these symptoms and avoid complications. Read more about dental reconstruction by clicking here.

Orthognathic Surgery

If your jaws are not properly aligned, this can cause problems with function as well as appearance. Oral surgery is often necessary to correct this problem and restore function.

Orthognathic corrective jaw surgery must be carefully planned because of the intricacies of occlusion and the combined effect of the facial appearance when the teeth and jaw move.

Orthodontics (braces) can often correct bite problems when only the position of the teeth is the issue. However, if the maxilla and mandible jaw bones are not aligned, then orthognathic surgery should be considered.

oral surgery

Getting the Right Dental Evaluation with the Right Specialist Dentist

Special 3D x-ray imaging is important when considering any type of dental surgery.

If you are interested in an evaluation for oral surgery then please contact us and we will answer any questions you have, with the option of making an appointment with our specialist.

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