November 4, 2018

Gynecomastia |, , , ,

Gynecomastia, also known as gynecomasty is an enlargement of the male breast tissue normally caused by an imbalance of estrogen and testosterone hormones, affecting boys and men.

It is a surprisingly common condition and actually affects 40-60% of men. For those within their normal weight range, this swelling, or enlargement, can be caused by side effects from medicine or an imbalance in hormones. It could also be hereditary but in a lot of cases, the reason remains unknown. Poor diet and lack of physical exercise can also contribute, although in cases of being over-weight, a surgical procedure would not be recommended until diet can be balanced and used to reduce this excess tissue through regular weight loss.

For men who feel self-conscious about their appearance, gynecomastia breast reduction surgery is normally the best option.

gynecomastia-surgery-lima 1

Because a gynecomastia surgery removes fat and/or glandular tissue from the breasts, the result gives a flatter, firmer and better-contoured chest. In some cases, excess skin is also removed to achieve the desired outcome.

Gynecomastia surgery should be performed on healthy, emotionally stable men. Best candidates have firm, ‘elastic’ skin that will reshape to the body’s new contours and look.

Am I suitable for Gynecomastia surgery?

Surgery is not recommended for men who are overweight because a change in diet and exercise should correct this problem. Heavy drinkers, smokers of marijuana and those who take steroids are not good candidates for this procedure either. Any type of smoker is never a good candidate for surgical procedures because smoking decreases circulation which interferes with healing.

How is the surgery performed?

Gynecomastia surgery is almost always performed as an out-patient procedure, meaning the patient can leave after surgery and returns home to rest. The procedure is normally done under general anesthesia so it would be important for the patient to be accompanied and driven home later that day. A single procedure can take around two hours or two and a half hours.

There are different techniques for gynecomastia surgery depending on whether your procedure is based primarily on excess glandular tissue or fatty tissue.

In case of excess glandular tissue, this will be removed with a scalpel. This could be done alone or combined with treatment of Liposuction.

The surgical incision is usually made along the edge of the areola leaving inconspicuous, small scars, but their size is dependent upon the amount of tissue and skin that must be removed.

Skin may have to be removed in cases where extreme amounts of fat or glandular tissue are removed in order for it to shape correctly over the new breast contour.


If excessive fatty tissue is a primary cause, you will likely have Liposuction to remove the fat. For Liposuction, a slim hollow tube called a cannula is attached to a vacuum pump to remove excess fat.

You can read more about liposuction here.

What should I expect after Gynecomastia surgery?

After the procedure, some discomfort and swelling are normal and is to be expected, although this is easily controlled with medication. However, full healing and final results can take six months or even longer.

Most people return to work within a couple of days of their gynecomastia procedure and heavy exercise is discouraged for at least the first three weeks while the initial healing takes place. Sports or jobs that may cause pressure or heavy blows to the chest must be avoided for at least a month and our specialist surgeon will see you after 7 – 10 days for a check-up.

OK, so I’m interested! What’s the next step?

For questions or to make an appointment with our cosmetic surgeon, please contact us using our web form or WhatsApp us directly 0051 977547437


  • AMrJuly 15, 2019

    How much it cost to do gyno surgery

    • Lloyd HannisJuly 15, 2019

      Hello! This is a treatment that can vary A LOT in price depending on the patient and the level of tissue to be removed and altered. While some treatments have a set cost, this is not one of them and requires evaluation in person at an appointment with the doctor. We’ll email you more information. Have a great day!


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